Remembrance Day occurs every year on the 11th of November.
Today is the day on which we mark the end of hostilities of the First World War on the 11th of November 1918.
Remembrance Day is sometimes also known as Armistice Day.
Because the Armistice was an agreement between the Allies of World War One and Germany to end the fighting of the First World War.
The ceasefire on the Western Front began at 11 am — the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month — in 1918.
So, a two-minute silence occurs at 11 am on Remembrance Day (Armistice Day) to remember those who died fighting in the First World War.
It was Edward George Honey (an Australian journalist) who first proposed the respectful silence.
The proposal came to the attention of King George V, who liked the idea.
Therefore, he issued a proclamation calling for the two-minute silence.
After World War Two, the British government changed the name of Armistice Day to Remembrance Day.
Because the title ‘Armistice Day’ was no longer appropriate for a day that commemorates all members of the armed forces who have died in the line of duty.
Remembrance Day is not to be confused with Remembrance Sunday, which occurs on the second Sunday of November.
Remembrance Day: In Flanders Fields the poppies blow
In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.
We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.
During World War One, a Canadian doctor, John McCrae (1872-1918), wrote the poem In Flanders Fields.
The poem is one of the most quoted war poems, and it’s written from the perspective of soldiers lying in their graves.
Flanders Fields is the name of World War I battlefields in the medieval County of Flanders, which spans southern Belgium and north-west France.